All You Need to Know About Cranes and Truck Cranes in the Philippines
Nowadays, construction works are virtually everywhere. If you live in the Philippines, you might have seen truck cranes and other equipment strewn all over the side of the roads on a normal basis.
In the Philippines, however, truck cranes aren’t the only cranes used for projects and operations. There are several other cranes that can make lots of tasks infinitely easier for you. This article will tell you everything you need to know about cranes and truck cranes in the Philippines.
What is a Crane?
Cranes have been around since time immemorial. It was already a vital part of the construction scene in ancient Greece. Now, thousands of years later, they’re still as valuable as ever.
A crane is a tower furnished with cables and pulleys. Its primary function is to lift and lower hefty materials. As mentioned earlier, cranes are often utilized in construction and civil engineering works, as well as manufacturing projects that deal with heavy loads. Cranes typically come in two forms. That is, they’re either fixed to the ground, immobile and towering to whatever height it’s set to, or mounted on vehicles. The latter is, needless to say, a lot more versatile and perfect for tasks that involve plenty of moving around.
They can be controlled in a myriad of ways, namely:
- It can be controlled by an operator who sits inside a vehicle directly attached to the crane,
- It can be controlled through a push button control station, and
- It can be operated through radio type controls.
The importance of cranes is indisputable. Cranes can seamlessly perform tasks that are well beyond human capabilities. Throughout the years, they have evolved to meet various engineering and industrial needs.
How a Crane Works
Like any other machinery, cranes are grounded on mechanical laws. And for them to function efficiently and to sustain stability, they must constantly obey the laws of physics. This also ensures the safety of the people laboring around the construction site.
Cranes can lift heavy equipment because the loads are balanced by counterweights that guarantee the stability of the cranes, thereby allowing them to lift and move around cargo freely.
Decades ago, cranes were often fueled by steam. Today, of course, things have changed immensely, and cranes are now powered by electric motors, hydraulic power, or an internal combustion machine.
When working with cranes, there are a couple of things that should always be kept in mind:
- Each crane has its own load capacity. Operators should ensure that they don’t lift materials that exceed this weight limit.
- Any stressful and disruptive movements occurring in the vicinity of the crane’s area of operation should immediately be removed.
The Features of Cranes
Different cranes, of course, have their own breadth of features and specifications. However, there are common features shared by most cranes.
These are the things you need to take into consideration — as well as questions you need to ask — when you’re planning to purchase, rent, or hire a crane company.
What is the maximum weight capacity of the crane? That is, how much weight can it carry?
Consider where you need to lift to. How far can the crane actually lift?
The higher the lift angle, the lower a crane’s lift capacity is.
This is all about the work area of the crane. Is it enough for the crane to be stationary, or will it have to move around?
When pondering about mobility, you also need to take into account the space available in the site. That is, can the crane move around effortlessly? Or is the place too cramped and constricted for that?
Again, it’s essential that you consider the construction site. Are the weight and dimensions of the crane appropriate for the area?
If you’re working on a project that necessitates as few disruptions as plausible, then you need a crane with a short setup time, such as a mobile tower crane.
Not all operations, of course, are conducted at daylight. When working at night, you should opt for cranes that are quieter and have the adequate amount of lighting.
The Different Types of Cranes
In the Philippines, truck cranes aren’t the only cranes available. There is, in fact, a vast selection of cranes you can choose from, with each of them catering to various construction needs. It’s vital that you arm yourself with a basic knowledge of these cranes. Doing so will allow you to choose the crane that’s perfectly suited for your project.
A tower crane is a balance crane that is usually found on urban construction sites. They’re often utilized in the erection of high-rise buildings. These cranes are fastened securely to the ground. Its soaring height is complemented by its stellar lifting prowess, which makes them very apt for the construction of skyscrapers and other lofty edifices.
It’s composed of a central tower (standing vertically) and two horizontal arms that jut out of the upper portion of the central tower. The first arm is for suspending and lifting heavy loads, while the other arm is equipped with concrete blocks and serves as a counterweight.
This crane is operated by a driver sitting in a cabin nestled on top of the tower, or a driver using a remote control to operate the crane from the ground.
A telescopic crane is powered by a hydraulic mechanism. This crane is composed of a series of concentric steel tubes; hence, its name. These tubes can easily be extended and withdrawn to alter it to whatever height you fancy.
Aside from construction, telescopic cranes can also be utilized in rescue services. They can be used to launch and retrieve boats.
Static crane is an encompassing term that refers to cranes that are, as the name suggests, static, or installed on a certain spot. An example of this is a tower crane.
Giant Cantilever Crane
A giant cantilever crane is also known as the hammerhead. This consists of a sturdy, steel-braced central tower. On its sides are two equally powerful cantilever arms.
The forward section of the arm contains the lifting mechanism, while the rear portion house the massive counterweight.
For giant cantilever cranes, the lifting of the load is often done via a rotational movement of the cantilever beams.
A gantry crane is considered a type of an overhead crane. This isn’t just limited to construction works. It’s also employed in factories, shipyards, and other commercial purposes. In addition, this type of crane is composed of a fixed body. On this stationary mechanism, there’s a horizontal rail framework that can lift tremendously substantial loads.
This crane has a robust base. There’s a hook attached to it that can move towards or away from the body. Additionally, the hook is designed to constantly remain at a steady level. This makes the level-luffing crane perfect for tasks that require precision, such as shipbuilding. After all, this crane can seamlessly operate at a fixed level parallel to the ground.
A crawler crane is an example of a mobile crane. It is equipped with caterpillar tracks, which allow it to traverse soft and sodden ground — a terrain that normal wheeled vehicles can’t wade through smoothly. Additionally, this crane is very stable, owing primarily to its broad base.
Aerial Cranes/Flying Cranes
As you might expect, aerial cranes are attached to an aircraft or to a helicopter. Because of this, aerial cranes have the most extensive range out of all the other types of cranes.
Mobile or Truck Crane
In the Philippines, truck cranes are one of the most common cranes used in engineering and construction works. They will be discussed in greater detail below.
What is a Mobile Crane or Truck Crane?
This type of crane is installed in a wheeled vehicle, such as a truck. It’s very convenient because it is attached to a vehicle, which means that the operator can directly control the machine from inside the truck.
This, however, isn’t applicable most of the time. In some instances, the cab needs to be positioned at a certain height for maximum visibility. This is a bit more challenging for much larger trucks; because of that, they have a separate operating booth at the back of the site.
Truck cranes are arguably one of the most popular and most versatile cranes utilized in construction and engineering works. What makes it so versatile is its mobility. In certain scenarios, it can sometimes be tough to close the distance to where you need to lift a material. With a truck or a mobile crane, however, you’ll have no problem accessing these areas. The truck crane will allow you to effortlessly hoist your cargo.
Furthermore, its mobility will also let you travel around the construction sites without any trouble. Do you need to travel somewhere a bit more distant? Then no problem — you can drive this crane in highways, guaranteeing that you’ll reach the job site in no time. Truck cranes ensure that you can finish your task quickly and efficiently.
Their adaptability will also allow you to use these cranes in myriads of applications and projects, such as road building, industrial maintenance, HVAC works, steel erection, and so on.
Advantages of Using Mobile Cranes in the Philippines
Selecting the most appropriate type of crane is vital for the safest and most efficient lifting. The crane you should use also greatly depends on the job at hand.
For several projects, opting for a truck crane might be one of the wisest decisions they’ll make.
This section will tackle the advantages and benefits of using truck cranes in the Philippines.
Better Site Accessibility
The traditional tower crane, which is fixed on one spot, can be extremely impractical and virtually impossible for far-flung regions.
On the contrary, a truck crane’s mobility allows it t0 reach even the most inaccessible areas.
Easier Material Transport
Transporting cargo using a traditional crane goes like this: after hoisting the item, it will then be deposited to a truck, and it’s only then that it’s driven to another location. With a truck crane, you’re obviously spared from all this hassle.
A traditional crane requires other additional paraphernalia during the setup, such as arranging the foundation or installing support pads. These may also call for extra labor, which means shelling out more money. With a truck crane, you don’t have to worry about any of those.
Less Required Space
Since truck cranes aren’t fastened to the ground (which means they’re not installed on a single spot), you get to salvage more space on the construction site. This makes these cranes suitable for urban development, or in places where there are already existing buildings present.
Short Setup Time
One of the best things about truck cranes is that they’re exceedingly fuss-free to set up. It’s not like your traditional tower crane where an intensive preparation and setup are obligatory. This precious time can be used elsewhere instead; that is, you can just immediately plunge into your project.
Safety Hazards When Using a Mobile Crane in the Philippines
When working with truck cranes, there are certain things that you need to keep in mind to ensure optimum safety. Listed below are some of them:
- Inspect the truck crane beforehand. It should be in its in peak condition.
- Make sure that all the controls are working such as the steering wheel and the brake.
- Know the maximum weight capacity of the crane, and never go beyond it.
- Never leave a truck crane unattended, even if it’s only for a short time. If you really need to leave, then turn off the engine and lower the load on the ground.
- Don’t operate the machine in severe weather conditions.
- Ensure that there are no loose items on the load; that is, items that could fall to the ground during the lifting.
Use Only the Best Crane for Your Construction Needs
In the Philippines, truck cranes have been used in several construction and civil engineering works. These machines have evolved through the years, adapting to the varying industrial and construction needs.
If you’re seeking a truck crane that will allow you to work efficiently and rapidly, then Multico is ready to help you!
We have been in the industry for more than 40 years, granting us an in-depth understanding of this particular market. We are committed to providing our customers with only the most impeccable products and services.
Our top-notch machineries, coupled with decades of expertise and experience, guarantee that you’re provided the best truck crane in the Philippines, or whatever equipment it is that you might need.
If you’re interested in checking out our products, or if you have any questions, then don’t hesitate to contact us here.