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Understanding Generator Set Specifications

What are the different specifications of a generator set?

  1. Power output
  2. Starting system
  3. Fuel type
  4. Voltage and frequency
  5. Run time
  6. Control panel
  7. Safety features
  8. Noise level

Generators are invaluable assets that provide reliable power when the primary electricity supply is unavailable, ensuring uninterrupted operations for homes, businesses, and industrial facilities. At Multico, we offer a wide range of genset models from trusted brands that cater to diverse applications.

In order to make informed decisions when purchasing a generator, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the generator set specifications. These specifications play a vital role in determining the functionality and performance of the generator. In this blog post, we will explore the key specifications that you need to consider, empowering you to choose the right generator for your specific requirements.

Power Output

Power Output
The power output of a generator is the amount of electrical energy it can produce. It is measured in kilowatts (kW) or watts (W). For example, a generator that produces 120 volts and 30 amps would have a power output of 3600 watts, or 3.6 kW.

Considering the power output helps you avoid overloading the generator, which could lead to inefficiency or damage. It also allows you to make practical decisions about which appliances or equipment can be operated simultaneously during power outages.

Starting System

The starting system is found near the generator’s engine. It is responsible for starting the engine operation. There are two kinds of systems: the recoil start and the electric start.

The recoil start, or the manual start or pull start, requires you to manually pull a cord connected to the engine. As a result, it sets the engine’s flywheel in motion, which allows the generator to start.

On the other hand, the electric start uses an electric starter motor to initiate the engine’s operation. It can be activated by turning a key or pressing a button, like starting a car.

Fuel Type

Generators can be powered by various fuel types, depending on their model and design. Here are some of the common fuel types used in generators:


This is commonly used for portable and smaller-sized generators. It is accessible and convenient for refueling, which makes it a popular choice for residential applications.


This is often used in larger generators. It is less flammable than gasoline and provides longer runtime, making it suitable for industrial and commercial applications.


This is another fuel option for generators in areas where propane is readily available, such as residential, rural, remote, and recreational areas. This fuel type offers a longer shelf life.

Natural Gas

This is often used for standby power in commercial and residential settings. It is a reliable and continuous fuel source, making it convenient for backup power needs.

Each fuel type has its own advantages in terms of cost, runtime, emissions, and availability. So, when choosing a generator, consider the fuel type that aligns with your specific requirements.

Voltage and Frequency

Voltage and Frequency
The voltage frequency of a generator refers to the frequency at which the alternating current (AC) power is generated. In the Philippines, the standard voltage frequency is 60 Hertz (Hz). This means that the voltage cycles 60 times per second.

So, keep in mind this information so that you can make sure that the generator you’re planning to purchase matches the frequency requirements of your appliances or electrical devices you intend to power, in case of a power outage.

Run Time

The run time is the amount of time a generator can run continuously before it needs to be refueled. It depends on the size of the generator, the type of fuel it uses, and the load it is running.

For instance, portable generators usually have a 6-18 hours run time. The standby generators have 24-72 hours of run time, and the industrial generators can run up to 1,000 hours.

It is important to note that the run time of a generator is only an estimate. The actual run time may vary on some factors, such as your location’s temperature (a generator is less efficient at a higher temperature), altitude (a generator will only run for a short period of time at high altitudes), and the generator’s capacity.

Control Panel

The control panel is a collection of components that allow the user to start, stop, and monitor the generator. It serves as the user interface that houses electrical outlets and controls, which consists of a series of gauges (engine and generator gauges), switches, buttons, and digital displays. It also provides users with essential information about the generator’s performance, such as voltage, current, frequency, and engine parameters.

There are actually more generator sets with advanced control panels, which often features automation capabilities, enables automatic start-up, shutdown, and load management, optimizes energy utilization, and ensures uninterrupted power supply. Their automation capabilities, involving remote monitoring and control capabilities, enable users to manage the generator from a distance through computer or mobile devices.

Safety Features

Generators can be dangerous if not used properly. Therefore, safety features are important for generators because they can help prevent accidents and injuries – protecting both the equipment and those nearby.

Among the common safety features that generator sets equip include automatic shutdown systems, which promptly halts operation in response to critical issues such as low oil pressure, high engine temperature, or overspeed conditions, preventing potential damage to the generator.

In terms of the electrical safety features of generator sets, some include circuit breakers or overload protection that helps minimizing the risk of fire or equipment damage. Some models even feature built-in grounding systems that prevent electrical shocks, along with the exhaust systems which are designed to reduce emissions and mitigate the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.

Generator sets with these safety features work together to ensure the reliable and secure operation in diverse applications. But then, note that it is important to read the owner’s manual for your generator to learn more about its safety features and how to use them so you can use them safely.

Noise Level

Noise Level
Generators can generate considerable noise, which can be a source of annoyance for people residing or working in close proximity to them. The loud operating sounds emitted by generators can have various impacts, including health effects such as hearing loss, increased stress levels, and disturbances in sleep patterns.

Moreover, the noise produced by generators can mask or drown out important warning signals, such as fire alarms, compromising safety and potentially leading to accidents and injuries.

To mitigate these issues, it is important to take measures to minimize generator noise:

  1. Choose a generator with a low noise rating, indicated by decibel (dB) levels.
  2. Install the generator in a location that minimizes noise propagation.
  3. Utilize noise barriers or soundproof enclosures to contain and reduce noise levels.
  4. Ensure regular maintenance of the generator to optimize its performance and minimize noise emissions.

Key Takeaway

Understanding generator set specifications is essential when it comes to selecting the right generator for your needs. Specifications such as power output, starting system, fuel type, voltage frequency, and more provide crucial information about a generator’s capabilities and performance. By thoroughly understanding these, you can ensure that the generator you choose is a reliable backup power in times of power outages.

If you’re looking for a high-quality generator set in the Philippines, you’ve come to the right place! Multico Prime Power Inc. offers top-notch and advanced generator sets that surely meet your high-standard needs! Contact MPPI here for more information.

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